What Is an Appraisal?
Their home's purchase is the most serious investment most people could ever make. Whether it's where you raise your family, a seasonal vacation home or an investment, purchasing real property is an involved financial transaction that requires multiple parties to see it through.
Most of the parties involved are very familiar. The real estate agent is the most familiar entity in the transaction. Then, the mortgage company provides the money needed to finance the deal. And ensuring all requirements of the transaction are completed and that the title is clear to transfer from the seller to the buyer is the title company.
So, what party is responsible for making sure the real estate is worth the amount being paid? This is where you meet the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from Canadian National Appraisers will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
Appraisals begin with the inspection
To ascertain an accurate status of the property, it's our responsibility to first perform a thorough inspection. We must physically view aspects of the property, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they really are present and are in the condition a typical buyer would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the house, ensuring the square footage is correct and illustrating the layout of the property. Most importantly, we identify any obvious features - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the house.
Once the site has been inspected, an appraiser uses two or three approaches to determining the value of the property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
This is where the appraiser analyzes information on local construction costs, the cost of labor and other factors to figure out how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This figure usually sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Analyzing Comparable Sales
Appraisers become very familiar with the neighborhoods in which they work. They innately understand the value of certain features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent transactions in the vicinity and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the home in question. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as remodeled rooms, types of flooring, energy efficient items, patios and porches, or additional storage space, we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
Once all necessary adjustments have been made, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for. At Canadian National Appraisers, we are experts when it comes to knowing the value of real estate features in Brampton and County neighborhoods. The sales comparison approach to value is commonly awarded the most importance when an appraisal is for a real estate purchase.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
A third method of valuing a property is sometimes applied when a neighborhood has a reasonable number of renter occupied properties. In this case, the amount of revenue the property produces is factored in with other rents in the area for comparable properties to derive the current value.
The Bottom Line
Combining information from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to stipulate an estimated market value for the property at hand. The estimate of value on the appraisal report is not always what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of a property's valueThere are always mitigating factors such as the seller's desire to get out of the property, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust the final price up or down. Regardless, the appraised value is typically used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property is actually worth. The bottom line is, an appraiser from Canadian National Appraisers will guarantee you attain the most accurate property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.